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    教師考編英語教學中涉及到的教學策略

    來源:師大教科文     2020-04-28
    教師考編英語教學中涉及到的教學策略

    新課改的教學觀指出:教學由以前的“教給學生知識”轉變為“教會學生學習”。由此可見,教會學生怎樣學習,如何學會思考已成為目前教育界許多研究者所關注的焦點,從而學習策略的研究也就成為了教育界所關注的問題。尤其是在教師考試面試中,不管是試講還是說課,都強調在教學中要融入學習方法和學習策略。

    教育部制定的《全日制義務教育英語課程標準(實驗)解讀》將“學習策略”定義為“是對學習方法的選擇和使用”或“是對學習方法的認識和理解”。而在《高中英語課程標準》中將“學習策略”定義為“學生為了更有效的學習和使用外語而采取的各種行動和步驟”。為了讓大家能在英語面試中靈活地應用教學策略,給大家整理如下:

    Listening strategies:

    1、Prediction:

    l Before you listen, read the questions carefully.

    l Try to think of possible answers.

    l Use your general knowledge to think of possible answers.

    2、Getting prepared for listening

    l Before listening, make sure you understand the task.

    l If possible, try to guess the answer.

    3、 Listening for understanding the general idea

    l Don’t worry if you can’t understand everything.

    l Listen for important words and phrases to help you answer the questions.

    l Try to link words to topics.

    l When you listen the first time, don’t panic! You will not understand everything--just try to get the general idea and take notes.

    l The second time you listen, listen carefully and try to note down the answers.

    l Listen more than once, if possible.

    4、Listening for specific information

    l Make sure you know what you have to do. E.g. Complete a table, fill in the blanks.

    l As you listen, make notes and use abbreviations, e.g. Poll.(=pollution), O-F.(=over-fishing).

    l Use the headings or topics from the table to help you while you are listening.

    l If you miss some information, write a question mark to remind you to listen especially carefully the second time.

    Reading strategies:

    1、Prediction:

    l Before you read a text, look at the title, photographs and drawings.

    l Read the first two or three lines of the text.

    l Try to guess what the text is going to be about.

    2、Working out meaning

    l Find the word in the text.

    l Is the word a noun, verb, adjective,etc?

    l Think about the context.

    3、Multiple-choice questions

    l Read the question and answers.

    l Try to guess the correct answer.

    l Find the place in the text where you think the answer is.

    l Read the text and check your answer.

    l Make sure the other two answers are not possible.

    4、Self-assessment

    l After you read, think about how difficult the text was for you to understand.(e.g. Quiet difficult because of a lot of new words)

    l Think about how difficult the tasks were for you.

    l List the strategies you used to help you. (E.g. Using the picture to predict answers, guessing multiple-choice questions, working out meaning of words.)

    5、Making contextual connections

    l Read the whole text to get the general idea.

    l Look at the missing sentences and read the paragraphs with gaps in detail.

    l Choose the missing sentence, a) to e), from the list. Make sure the topic of the sentence matches the topic of the paragraph.

    l Make sure that the sentence fits in with the sentences before and after it. Look for time references, pronoun references or contrasting ideas.

    6、Matching topics/paragraphs

    l Read each paragraph carefully.

    l Pay attention to the first sentence of each paragraph as it often introduces the main idea.

    l Identify 3-5 of the most important words and underline them with a pencil.

    l Look at the list of topics and match them to the paragraphs.

    l Check that the extra topic does not match any of the paragraphs.

    Speaking strategies:

    1、group work

    l Always try to speak in English.

    l Don’t interrupt other people.

    l Respect other people’s ideas.

    l Choose a secretary to make notes of your group’s decisions.

    2、Preparation for discussion

    l Make notes about your opinions.

    l Think of reason to support your opinions.

    l Practice saying your opinions.

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